Performance Oriented Design

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Home Research Challenging Environments

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FOR CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENTS

Design and Construction for Challenging Environments is an ongoing multi-phase research project that foregrounds research-by-design in architecture along a design and built trajectory. Phase 1 of the research commenced in 2007-08 with two projects in Chilean Patagonia undertaken in the Emergent Technologies and Design master program at the Architectural Association. Phase 2 run from 2012 to 2014 in a design and built studio at the Research Center for Architecture and Tectonics at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design, comprising a series of projects in the Open City Ritoque and Pumanque in Chile, as well as projects in Nusfjord and Oslo in Norway.


PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL PAPERS AND ARTICLES

Hensel, M. (2015). 'Thoughts and Experiments en Route to Intensely Local Architectures'. In: Beim, A., Bundgaard, C. and Frier Hvejsel, M. Eds. Everyday Tectonics - Nordic Journal of Architectural Research Vol. 1: 11-33.

Sunguroğlu Hensel, D. and Baraut Bover, G.. (2013). ‘Nested Catenaries’. Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures Vol.54 (1): 39-55. [IASS Tsuboi Award 2013]


OTHER JOURNAL ARTICLES

Hensel, M. and Hermansen Cordua, C. (2015). 'The Scarcity and Creativity Studio'. In: Hensel, M. and Hermansen Cordua, C. Eds. AD Constructions - An Experimental Approach to Intensely Local Architectures - Architectural Design 85 (2): ...

Hensel, M. and Hermansen Cordua, C. (2013). ‘Knapphet og Kreativitet på 33. Breddegrad’. Arkitektur N 95 (1): 70-79.

Hensel, M. (2012). ‘Offene Stadt – Gemeinsam konstruieren’. Arch+ Vol. 206/207: 04-05.

Hensel, M. and Sunguroğlu, D. (2007). '74° Západní Délky 46° Jižní Šířky: Architektura Jako Dobrodružství'. Era 21 5 (7): 30-31.

Hensel, M. and Hermansen Cordua, C. (2015). 'Nested Catenaries'. In: Hensel, M. and Hermansen Cordua, C. Eds. AD Constructions - An Experimental Approach to Intensely Local Architectures - Architectural Design 85 (2): ...

Sunguroğlu Hensel, D. and Buset, Ø. (2012). ‘Nye Murkonstrksjoner – Experimenter I tegl’. Mur + Betong 2: 32-35.

Sunguroğlu Hensel D. (2011). ‘Kompleks Zincir Egrisi Birlesimleri - Nested Catenaries’. Yapi 356 July 2011: 90-93.


PROJECTS


2014 _ COMMUNITY CENTER, PUMANQUE, CHILE

Designed and constructed in spring 2014 the new community centre for the town of Pumanque in Chile, which was devastated by the 27 February 2010 earthquake, features a continuous screenwall, two multi-purpose rooms, a roof terrace and an auxiliary membrane canopy.

Studio Staff: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen, Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness, Håkon Matre Aasarød and Joakim Hoen

Students: Margarita Chaskopoulou, 
Marte Guldvik, 
Marina Haga, Jonas Osthagen Hamar,
 Anniken Høgset
, Shohreh Kheirati
, Kaja Gladhus Kolstad
, Gro Krüger
, Caroline Krenc
, Markus Domaas Lindahl, Taavi Löoke
, Ranveig Hesselberg Meland, Annette Katherine Mohr,
 Eskil Frøyen Nybø
, Liv Mari Oppebøen
, Brianne Parquier
, Elissavet Pertigkiozoglou
, Randi Ravndal
, Erik Reiten
, Kinga Rusin
, Truls Schiefloe Sandbakk
, Hedvig Margrethe Sanderud
, Øistein Magnus Schive,
 Eirik Stiansen
, Gustav Mattias Jitzhak Tellqvist
, Magnus Vågan, Harold Vermeiren

Partners: Pumanque Municipality, Chile a Sonar, HERA - Humanities in the European Research Area, OCEAN Design Research Association

Sponsors: AAAD, Astrup & Hellern Architects, Halvorsen & Reine Architects, IARK, Marwin, NORDIC Architects, Norwegian Steel Assocication, Ratio Architects, Vink AS

++ Endorsed by the Embassy of Chile in Norway and the Embassy of Norway in Chile

++ Winner of the Excellence in the use of Wood in Architecture Award 2014 (TreFokus)

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2013 _ FLOATING COMPRESSION CANOPY, NUSFJORD, NORWAY

Designed and constructed in spring 2013 the Floating Compression Canopy - named in hommage to Kenneth Snelson - is located on the main harbour pier of Nusfjord a listed historical fishing hamelt in Lofoten, Norway. The project was designed to withstand the severe weather conidtions in the winter.

Studio Staff: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen, Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness, Adj. Prof. Guillem Baraut Bover and Joakim Hoen

Students: Victoria Amundsen, Ketil Andersen, Laura Birina, Lea Cavelier, Merete Claudi-Nielsen, Monica Fernandez Amigo, Magnus Flo, Erik Ohnstad Folmo, Nerea Guezuraga Saitua, Glenn Alexander Hansen, Magnus Sandberg Johansen, Lars Egge Johnsen, Sotiria Kriemadi, Nicolas Jose Lira Vigneaux, Jon Kåre Mannsåker, Sofia Martins da Cunha, Sylva Solås Marwoll, Marcela Paz Moraga Zarate, Mayaan Adriana Navon Espinoza, Adrian Rove Nordgård, Robin Rakke, Berit Ribsskog, Marie Jenny Voraa, Isabell Nystuen Waldal, Yang Zhang

Client: Nusfjord AS

++ Winner of Excellence in Professionalism Award 2013 (Arkitektbedriftene i Norge, Norwegian Architectural Firms)

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2013 _ 2x2 BATHING PLATFORM, NUSFJORD, CHILE

Designed and constructed in spring 2013 the 2x2 bathing Platform faces out to the open Westfjord. The project is located in Nusfjord a listed historical fishing hamelt in Lofoten, Norway. The project was designed to withstand the severe weather conidtions in the winter.

Studio Staff: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen, Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness, Adj. Prof. Guillem Baraut Bover and Joakim Hoen

Students: Victoria Amundsen, Ketil Andersen, Laura Birina, Lea Cavelier, Merete Claudi-Nielsen, Monica Fernandez Amigo, Magnus Flo, Erik Ohnstad Folmo, Nerea Guezuraga Saitua, Glenn Alexander Hansen, Magnus Sandberg Johansen, Lars Egge Johnsen, Sotiria Kriemadi, Nicolas Jose Lira Vigneaux, Jon Kåre Mannsåker, Sofia Martins da Cunha, Sylva Solås Marwoll, Marcela Paz Moraga Zarate, Mayaan Adriana Navon Espinoza, Adrian Rove Nordgård, Robin Rakke, Berit Ribsskog, Marie Jenny Voraa, Isabell Nystuen Waldal, Yang Zhang

Client: Nusfjord AS

++ Winner of Excellence in Professionalism Award 2013 (Arkitektbedriftene i Norge, Norwegian Architectural Firms)

++ Winner of the Excellence in the use of Wood in Architecture Award 2013 (TreFocus)

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2012 _ NESTED CATENARIES, OPEN CITY RITOQUE, CHILE

Phase 03 of the Nested Catenary research was undertaken in a workshop at e[ad] Escuela de Arquitectura y Diseno - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso

The project was built as an extension to the cemetery of the Open City in Ritoque, Chile, and constitutes a masonry shell of interconnected sub-shells that are nested to form a vault between two cavity walls. It also involved a strategy of branching as a principle to span and to create nested spaces. The design was limited to twelve sub-shells in creating the overall shell articulating a volume of 162m³, each with synclastic surface geometry to retain the complexity of construction. The structural independence from symmetry and freedom from repetition due to the construction method allowed for a non-uniform spatial organization. The final structure is a nested catenaries shell, produced by spatially organized sub-shells with a thickness of 55mm. The span reaches to 7m in both directions with reaching a height of 3.3m. A total of 1000 bricks were used, which makes an overall weight of approx. 2800 kg including mortar. Thus far, it has survived several earthquakes of a magnitude above 6 on the Richter scale.

Project Leaders: Defne Sunguroğlu Hensel and Øyvind Buset

Project Supervision: Defne Sunguroğlu Hensel, Øyvind Buset, Prof. Dr. David Jolly Monge, Assistant Professor Oscar Andrade

Structural Engineering: Adjunct Prof. Guillem Baraut Bover, BOMA, OCEAN Design Research Association

Participants: Carolina Almarza, Fernando Briones, Randi Fjeldtvedt, Michael Hensel, Javiera Galeas, Camila Gonzales, Astrid Christine Johnsen, Carla Landaeta Jeria, Elisabetha Maniga, Diego Millan, Paula Minte, Macarena Morales, Navid Navid, Fabian Olivares, Matias Penrroz, Soledad Prado, Carlos Trancoso 

Phase 3 of the project was endorsed by the Embassy of Chile in Norway and financed by RCAT.

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2012 _ 3 PROJECTS, OPEN CITY RITOQUE, CHILE

In spring 2012 three projects were designed and constructed  in the Open City in Ritoque, Chile. The sites were selected by students of e[ad] Escuela De Arquitectura y Diseno - Pontificia universidad Catolica de Valparaiso and the projects were designed by the students from AHO. Both schools collaborated in the construction process.

Studio Staff: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen, Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness and Joakim Hoen

Students: Kazin Al Beyboni, Maria Mariana Calvete da Cunha Pereira, Katarina Sæbø Dale, Pernille Dammann, Nora Aurora Hallgren, Line Mari Haugland, Edda Johanna Jonsdottir, Kjersti Lindheim, John-Roe Luna, Erik Matzow, Raza Marozaite, Navid Navid, Mari Beata Nastad Heum, Thomas Notland, Rikke Christine Nyrud, Robin Rakke, Emilia Lamer Schjetlein, Bjarte Stav, Anders Svendsen Almesveen, Astrid Tømmerås Haug

Three projects were constructed, [i.] an observation structure to view the wetlands and bird reserve, [ii.] a small accommodation for visitors, and, [iii.] a shelter for cooking, dining, and bird observation, all set within the unique pacific coastal landscape of the Open City.

The studio was endorsed by the Chilean Embassy in Oslo, Norway, and financed by RCAT - Research Center for Architecture and Tectonics.

 

Las Piedras del Cielo

‘Las Piedrad del Cielo’ serves the purpose of food preparation, outdoor dining and nature observation. A landscaped timber deck provides sitting surfaces, and an enclosure for a small kitchen. A fireplace is centrally located. The sitting area is sheltered by a light membrane system. For this project the point foundations required particular attention as each one experiences, alternatively, compression and tension forces. Moreover, the membrane system is particularly vulnerable to gale-force winds during the winter season and therefore required careful analysis of wind flows, material resistance, and stemming from these adequate detailing.

Supervision: Prof. Dr. Michael Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen, Eduardo Retamales Fernandez

Structural Engineering: Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness

Airflow Analysis: Studio Integrate, London

Team Leader: Rikke Christine Nyrud

Design Team: Kazin Al Beyboni, Katarina Sæbø Dale, Line Mari Haugland, Kjersti Lindheim, John-Roe Luna, Erik Matzow, Mari Beata Nastad Heum, Thomas Notland, Rikke Christine Nyrud, Robin Rakke, Bjarte Stav

Site Research Team: Valentina Bernales, Maria Belen Reed, Claudia Cavaleiro, Camilla Corces, Lars Egge, Isabel Klahn, Juan Rose Rojas, Monteserrat Rojas, Tuva Skaret, Catalina Tapia, Regina Weber, Paulina Valdivia, Nicolas Vallejos, Paula Yanez

Construction Team: Kazin Al Beyboni, Katarina Sæbø Dale, Line Mari Haugland, Kjersti Lindheim, John-Roe Luna, Erik Matzow, Mari Beata Nastad Heum, Thomas Notland, Rikke Christine Nyrud, Robin Rakke, Bjarte Stav, Valentina Bernales, Maria Belen Reed, Claudia Cavaleiro, Camilla Corces, Lars Egge, Isabel Klahn, Juan Rose Rojas, Monteserrat Rojas, Tuva Skaret, Catalina Tapia, Regina Weber, Paulina Valdivia, Nicolas Vallejos, Paula Yanez

++ Winner of the Multi-disciplinary and Innovative Work Award 2012 (Asplanviak / Arkitekturverkstedet)

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Hospederia de las Alas

The second project entitled ‘Hospederia de las Alas’ is a bird observation shelter located on top of sand dunes facing the bird reserve area of the site. The timber structure, which is articulated as two intersecting ruled surfaces, is closed to the two main weather exposed sides and open to the two main bird viewing directions, while hiding the observer from the view of the birds. After AHO students returned home E[ad] students did a series of climatic protection improvements to the buildings. For example in the case of the the ‘Hospederia de las Alas’ they employed ceramic roof tiles to weather-proof the lower section of timber columns as they meet the concrete foundations.

The design of the Hospederia de las Alas project was inspired by the works of the Finnish sculptor Raimo Utriainen, the Camera Obscura project at NTNU in Trondheim (2006), and the Shelter and Viewing Platform at Hazienda Quitralco in Patagonia in Chile by the Emergent Technologies and Design Program 2007. 

Supervision: Prof. Dr. David Jolly, Prof. Dr. Michael Hensel, Prof. Christian Hermansen

Structural Engineering: Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness

Team Leader: Nora Aurora Hallgren

Design Team: Anders Svendsen Almesveen, Maria Mariana Calvete da Cunha Pereira, Nora Aurora Hallgren, Edda Johanna Jonsdottir, Raza Marozaite

Site Research Team: Marta Alpuim, Maria Jose Dominguez, Milena Hayvar, Astrid Johnsen, Donald Mc Leod, Daniela Molina, Alex Olazo, Ana Belen Oyarzun, Hugo Pajarito, Paulina Pinto, Paz Plaza, Sebastian Rodriguez, Estelle Roman, Sally Sade, Pablo Vasquez

Construction Team: Anders Svendsen Almesveen, Maria Mariana Calvete da Cunha Pereira, Nora Aurora Hallgren, Edda Johanna Jonsdottir, Raza Marozaite, Benjamin Norouzi, Marta Alpuim, Maria Jose Dominguez, Milena Hayvar, Astrid Johnsen, Donald Mc Leod, Daniela Molina, Alex Olazo, Ana Belen Oyarzun, Hugo Pajarito, Paulina Pinto, Paz Plaza, Sebastian Rodriguez, Estelle Roman, Sally Sade, Pablo Vasquez

++ Winner of the Multi-disciplinary and Innovative Work Award 2012 (Asplanviak / Arkitekturverkstedet)

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Walk the Line

‘Walk the Line’ provides short-term accommodation for visiting scholars. The project commenced as a contemplation of Le Corbusier’s house for an artisan. In addition to the accommodation unit the project integrates a lightweight under-spanned bridge-like deck that suggests a connection between immediate dune landscape and the distant horizon of the Pacific Ocean. The dimensions of the narrow deck and the foundations required particular attention, as uplift constitutes a challenge for this structure. The interior was not completed during the main construction phase but an AHO student stayed for an additional week to tackle this task while at the same time living in the unit.

Construction Supervision: Prof. Christian Hermansen, Prof. Dr. David Luza, Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness, Prof. Dr. Michael Hensel

Structural Engineering: Asst. Prof. Solveig Sandness

Team Leader: Astrid Tømmerås Haug

Design Team: Pernille Dammann, Navid Navid, Emilia Lamer Schjetlein, Astrid Tømmerås Haug

Site Research Team: Tora Arctander, Sara Amorim, Eugenio Bosco, Natalia Bustos, Aileen Cuevas, Francisco Gainza, Nicolas Gallo, Camila Hernandez, Paz Iglesias, Allyson Kutscher, Alejandro Pacheco, Rayen Rodriguez, Helga Scheel, Gabriel Tang

Construction Team: Pernille Dammann, Navid Navid, Benjamin Norouzi, Emilia Lamer Schjetlein, Astrid Tømmerås Haug, Tora Arctander, Sara Amorim, Eugenio Bosco, Natalia Bustos, Aileen Cuevas, Francisco Gainza, Nicolas Gallo, Camila Hernandez, Paz Iglesias, Allyson Kutscher, Alejandro Pacheco, Rayen Rodriguez, Helga Scheel, Gabriel Tang

++ Winner of the Multi-disciplinary and Innovative Work Award 2012 (Asplanviak / Arkitekturverkstedet)

++ Winner of the Transportation Architecture Award 2012 (National Road Association Norway)

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2008 _ NET-BRIDGE, HAZIENDA QUITRALCO, PATAGONIA CHILE

Emergent Technologies and Design Program, Architectural Association School of Architecture, London

Project Coordination: Michael U. Hensel and Juan Subercaseaux

Design Supervision: Daniel Coll i Capdevila, Michael U. Hensel, Juan Subercaseaux, Achim Menges, Defne Sunguroglu, Michael Weinstock

Structural Engineering: Expedition Engineering, Tim Harris, Julia Ratcliff, Andrew Weir

Project Team: Sean Ahlquist, Pooja Bali, Antonio Capone, Santiago Fernandez Achury, Renata Elizondo, Mehran Gharleghi, Evan Greeberg, Tommy Johnson, Tomasz Mlynarski, Elina Pavela, Amin Sadeghi, Genaro Senattore, Ivan Cheuquepil, Gerardo Cheuquepil, Juan Carcamo

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2007 _ SHELTER AND VIEWING PLATFORM, HAZIENDA QUITRALCO, PATAGONIA, CHILE

Emergent Technologies and Design Program, Architectural Association School of Architecture, London

Project Coordination: Michael U. Hensel and Juan Subercaseaux

Design Supervision: Michael U. Hensel, Juan Subercaseaux, Achim Menges, Michael Weinstock

Structural Engineering: Buro Happold London, Lawrence Friesen, Nikolaos Stathopolous, Defne Sunguroglu

Seismic Analysis: Arup & Partners, Nicolaos Socratus

Project Team - Project 01: Maria Bessa, Bulut Cebesi, Christina Doumpioti, Andres Harres Agluirre, Elke Pedal Baertel, Defne Sunguroglu, Manja Van de Word, Christy Widjaja, Melanie Leibbrandt

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2006 _ MEMBRANE CANOPY, FAVELA DO PILAR, RECIFE, BRAZIL

The design and construction of the canopy was accomplished in two days. Since the attachment points for the membranes could not be pre-established it was necessary to construct the canopy from elastic fabric finding its form in the construction scale. The membrane provides shade for the outside areas of make-shift lunch kitchens at the entrance of Favela do Pilar. Access to the favela had to be negotiated with its local rulers. The total budget for this project was 50 GBP.

Diploma Unit 4, Architectural Association School of Architecture, London

Supervision and Project Coordination: Michael U. Hensel and Achim Menges

Project Team: Omid Kamvari, Asif Khan, Pavlos Sideras, André Moraes, Cynthia Pereira, Adryana Rozendo

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